After decades of research, clinical experts agree that biological, lifestyle and environmental factors may all have a part to play in the formation of cellulite.
Hormonal factors - hormones such as oestrogen, noradrenaline, insulin, prolactin and thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are part of the cellulite production process. In particular, oestrogen is known to stimulate fibroblasts (connective tissue cells which produce collagen and other fibers) to make collagenase which then breaks down the septa (collagen strands) surrounding fat cells. Oestrogen also stimulates preadipocytes to form new fat cells.
Genetics – it is believed that genes may predispose a person to particular characteristics associated with cellulite, such as gender, race, metabolism, distribution of subcutaneous fat and poor circulation.
Diet – diets high in refined carbohydrates and processed fatty foods are believed to exacerbate cellulite. Caffeine and alcohol are also said to be culprits, creating a build-up of toxins and damaging micro-circulation.
Lifestyle factors – it has been noted that cellulite is more prevalent in people who endure periods of high-stress, who smoke and /or are inactive (standing or sitting in one position) for long periods of time.
Clothing – tight clothing which limits blood flow may also contribute to the formation of cellulite.